Microdermabrasion is a minimally invasive treatment used to renew overall skin tone, texture and rejuvenate your skin. It can improve the appearance of, wrinkles, fine lines, age spots, melasma, acne scarring and sun damage along with other skin-related concerns.
In this procedure, your dermatologist will use a special applicator which has an abrasive surface to gently sand away the thick outer layer of the skin to rejuvenate it.
Microdermabrasion is a safe procedure for most skin types and colours. You can choose to get the procedure if you have the following skin concerns:
- Fine lines and wrinkles
- Sun damage
- Hyperpigmentation, dark spots, age spots and brown spots
- Enlarged pores and blackheads
- Acne and acne scars
- Stretch marks
- Dull-looking skin complexion
- Uneven skin texture and tone
Preparing for Microdermabrasion
Since it is a minimally invasive procedure, the need for you to prepare for a microdermabrasion treatment is less. However, it a good idea to discuss your skin problems with a skincare doctor and find out if microdermabrasion is the right treatment for you. Ensure you discuss any past cosmetic procedures or surgeries, also your allergies and medical conditions.
Your doctor might advise you to avoid sun exposure, tanning creams, and waxing a week before your treatment. They may also suggest you to stop using exfoliating creams and masks at least 3 days before the treatment. Before the procedure begins, remove any makeup and clean your face.
How does Microdermabrasion work?
Microdermabrasion is an in-office treatment that generally takes about one hour. It is usually performed by a licensed dermatologist. It is not necessary to use anaesthesia or a numbing agent for microdermabrasion.
During your appointment, you will be seated down in a reclining chair. Your dermatologist will use a handheld device to slowly spray on the sand like particles away on the outer layer of skin in the targeted areas. After the procedure, the dermatologist will apply a moisturizer and a sunscreen to your skin.
Microdermadrasion is done in different ways based on the specific device used by the doctor:
A diamond-tip handpiece gently exfoliates dead cells in your skin. At the same time, it will vacuum them off immediately. The depth of the treatment may be affected by the pressure applied to the handpiece. It is also affected by how long the suction or vacuum remains on the skin. Your dermatologist will use a diamond tip handpiece for more sensitive facial areas, like near your eyes.
Crystal microdermabrasion uses a crystal emanating handpiece to gently and slowly spray on fine crystal particles to rub away outer layers of your skin. It vacuums away dead skin cells, like in diamond tip handpiece. Your dermatologist might use different types of crystals like aluminium oxide and sodium bicarbonate.
Hydradermabrasion is a newer method of microdermabrasion. It involves combining continuous dermal infusion process along with crystal-free exfoliation. This treatment stimulates collagen production and increases blood flow to your skin.
Side effects of Microdermabrasion
Some common side effects of microdermabrasion include:
- Skin swelling
- Skin redness, similar to a sunburn
- Burning or stinging sensation
- Increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight
However, most of these side effects go away within a few hours after treatment. Your doctor might advise you to use a moisturizer to reduce dry and flaky skin. Some minor bruising may also occur, but it is because of the suction process during the treatment.
What to expect after microdermabrasion
You do not have to take any downtime after microdermabrasion. You can resume your daily routine immediately. Remember, to keep your skin hydrated and use gentle skincare products. Do not use topical acne medications for at least 1 day after your treatment. You must always wear a sunscreen to protect your skin; it is especially sensitive to the sun in the few weeks after the treatment.
You can expect noticeable results immediately after the treatment. The number of microdermabrasion sessions you require will depend on the severity of your skin conditions and your desired results. Your dermatologist will design a plan for the number of sessions, along with periodic maintenance treatments you require.