Pigmentation and its treatment

Know that you are not alone if you are battling hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is a common skin problem for which there are a variety of treatment options. At La Densitae, one of the best skin and hair transplant clinic in Kochi, Kerala consult expert dermatologists to know about your options. La Densitae, offers advanced, result oriented and cost-effective pigmentation removal treatments. Besides, La Densitae also provides the latest and desirable hair transplant in Kochi, Kerala.

Continue reading to learn more about your options, including at-home products and what to expect from dermatological procedures such as microdermabrasion.

Creams that lighten the skin

Lightening creams are treatments that use specific substances to help reduce pigmentation. Many lotions are available with a prescription. They are often used once or twice a day to lighten the skin gradually. Gel-based lightning treatments are also available.

The following are common substances found in lightening products:

N-acetylglucosamine, vitamin B-3, hydroquinone, licorice extract (niacinamide)

Flat spots, such as melasma or age spots, are best treated with whitening lotions or gels. They’re suitable for discoloration areas on most skin types.

Face Acids

Face acids, also known as skin acids, exfoliate the top layer of your skin, causing it to shed. When you exfoliate your skin, new skin cells arise to replace the ones that have been removed. The procedure helps to balance out your skin tone and smooth it out.

Some facial acids are azelaic acid, alpha hydroxy acids, vitamin C, kojic acid, salicylic acid (in the form of l-ascorbic acid). Always purchase brands prescribed by your dermatologist only.

On fairer skin tones, face acids work effectively for mild hyperpigmentation. Higher concentrations can raise your risk of side effects, so it’s best to consult your dermatologist before trying anything by yourself.


Retinoids, which are derived from vitamin A, are among the oldest skincare components. They can penetrate deep into the skin and treat the layers beneath the epidermis because of their tiny molecular nature. Talk to your dermatologist about a prescription retinoid (Retin-A).

It’s also worth noting that retinoids are typically used to cure wrinkles rather than hyperpigmentation. As a result, retinoids may not be the most effective first-line treatment.

Chemical peels

A chemical peel uses acids in higher concentrations. They remove the epidermis to lessen the appearance of hyperpigmentation. It may also enter your skin’s main layer (dermis), resulting in more dramatic outcomes.

Although many chemical peels are accessible over-the-counter, a professional-grade peel at your dermatologist’s clinic may be a better option. These are more effective and produce faster outcomes.

Chemical peels may increase the risk of side effects due to their strength. Consult your dermatologist in Kochi to learn more about your specific risk

Chemical peels may be beneficial if you have the following conditions:

old age spots, damage caused by the sun, melasma, or blotchy skin.

They are also better for fairer skin tones, and they might provide you with faster effects than face acids.

If you have a darker skin tone or prefer a more dramatic look, consult your dermatologist for a clinical procedure.

Laser peel (skin resurfacing)

Targeted light beams are used in a laser peel (resurfacing) procedure to remove hyperpigmentation.

Ablative and non-ablative lasers are the two types of lasers. Strong lasers are ablative lasers, which remove layers of your skin. Non-ablative techniques, on the other hand, focus on the dermis to encourage collagen production and tightening.

Although ablative lasers are more powerful, they may have greater adverse effects. Both of these treatments remove components in your skin, allowing new skin cells to grow back tighter and more toned.

When it comes to skin resurfacing, there is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all solution. People with fair skin may benefit from ablative lasers. Non-ablative versions may cause the skin to darken rather than lighten in certain persons. Your dermatologist in Kochi will analyse your discolouration and overall skin tone with you to determine the best treatment option for your skin.

IPL therapy (intense pulse light therapy).

IPL (intense pulsed light) therapy is a non-ablative (fractional) laser treatment. IPL therapy, also known as a photo facial, increases collagen development in the dermis. It normally necessitates several sessions.

IPL is used to address pigmentation disorders in general, but flat areas, particularly, respond well to the therapy. It could also aid in the reduction of wrinkles, spider veins, and enlarged pores.

IPL is excellent for persons with fair skin.


Microdermabrasion is a clinical treatment procedure for hyperpigmentation that only affects the epidermis (superficial scarring).

Your dermatologist will use a drill-like handheld equipment with a wire brush or other abrasive attachment. The tool is used across your skin to remove the epidermis quickly yet gently. You may need more than one session to get the results you want.

Microdermabrasion works well on scars that aren’t too deep. Your dermatologist in Kochi can advise you on whether or not this treatment is appropriate for you.


Dermabrasion removes your epidermis as well, but its effects extend to a portion of your dermis. While dermabrasion is sometimes used to reduce wrinkles, it has traditionally been used to improve skin texture. These are some of them:

Scars from acne, age spots, scars from chickenpox, injury scars, and sun damage

Your dermatologist will use a drill-like handheld equipment with a wire brush or other abrasive attachment, similar to microdermabrasion. They’ll use the tool at high speed but softly remove your epidermis and the top layer of your dermis from your skin.

If you want to reduce pigmentation faster than microdermabrasion, dermabrasion may be an excellent option.

It works best on skin that is lighter in color. As a result of the procedure, people with medium skin tones may experience more hyperpigmentation. After around eight weeks, the new hyperpigmentation spots may lighten.


The time it takes for topical therapies to show benefits is usually longer. With any treatment method, patience is essential.

Consult with your dermatologist in Kochi.

Your dermatologist can assist you in determining the cause of your hyperpigmentation and developing a treatment plan that is right for you.

It’s critical to prevent your skin from further sun damage and hyper-pigmentation, regardless of which treatment you pick. Apply sunscreen every day. Sunscreen should be used every morning, even if it’s cloudy, and reapplied as needed during the day. Use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.

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Dr. Gajanan Jadhao

I am a Hair Transplant Surgeon, Cosmetologist and Anesthesiologist in Pune. I have more than 16 years of experience in this field.

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